Structure of the Texas Education System

Texas Education Agency (TEA)
The Texas Education Agency (TEA) is the branch of state government that administers Texas’ public elementary and secondary education system. By working in partnership with local schools, the agency is dedicated to being a positive factor in the improvement of instruction and the educational environment in Texas schools. TEA seeks to achieve excellence in student achievement so that all students in the state’s public schools are properly prepared to meet the challenges they will face as adults.  The mission of the Texas Education Agency is to provide leadership, guidance, and resources to help schools meet the educational needs of all students.
Roles & Responsibilities
Located in Austin, Texas at 1701 N. Congress Ave., the TEA is the administrative unit for primary and secondary public education. Under the leadership of the commissioner of education, the TEA:

•    manages the textbook adoption process;
•    oversees development of the statewide curriculum;
•    administers the statewide assessment program;
•    administers a data collection system on public school students, staff, and finances;
•    rates school districts under the statewide accountability system;
•    operates research and information programs;
•    monitors for compliance with federal guidelines; and
•    serves as a fiscal agent for the distribution of state and federal funds.

State Board of Education (SBOE)
The State Board of Education (SBOE) is the agency’s governing body. Its 15 members are elected from 15 SBOE districts throughout the state. The board adopts rules and establishes policies for the state’s public education system.

Commissioner of Education

Texas Commissioner of Education
Dr. Shirley J. Neeley was named the Texas commissioner of education on Jan. 12, 2004 by Gov. Rick Perry.  As commissioner, she serves as the head of the Texas Education Agency, which oversees 1,037 school districts and about 200 charter schools. The commissioner of education is appointed by the governor.

State Board for Education Certification (SBEC)
The State Board for Educator Certification was created by the Texas Legislature in 1995 to recognize public school educators as professionals and grant educators the authority to govern the standards of their profession. The Board oversees all aspects of the preparation, certification, and standards of conduct of public school educators.